Concept and theories of learning (Behaviourists, Gestaltalist and Information processing models); The Processes of extinction, discrimination and generalization; Programmed learning, probability learning, self-instructional learning, concepts; Types and the schedules of reinforcement, escape, avoidance and punishment, modeling and social learning.

Click on the links below to download study material:

  1. Learning – Chapter I
  2. Learning – Chapter II
  3. Conditioning & Learning
  4. Conditioning & Learning – Ralph R. Miller and Randolph C. Grace

Reference Study Material:

  • Learned Helplessness:
  1. Beating Learned Helplessness And Depression
  2. Control And The Psychology of Health
  3. Controllability Attributions and Learned Helplessness: Some Methodological and Conceptual Problems
  4. Depression in young people: what causes it and can we prevent it?
  5. Helplessness In Depression: The Unbearable Riddle Of The Other
  6. Interconsequence Generality Of Learned Helplessness
  7. Learned Helplessness and Superstitious Behavior as Opposite Effects of Uncontrollable Reinforcement in Humans
  8. Learned Helplessness In Toddlers Of Depressed And Nondepressed Mothers
  9. Neurogenesis And Depression: What Animal Models Tell Us About The Link
  10. Optimism, Pessimism, and Mortality
  11. Stressor controllability and learned helplessness: The roles of the dorsal raphe nucleus, serotonin, and corticotropin-releasing factor
  12. The Relationship Between Pain and Depression
  13. Theories About The Causes Of Depression
  • Radical Behaviorism:
  1. A History of the Term Radical Behaviorism: From Watson to Skinner
  2. What Is Radical Behaviorism? A Review Of Jay Moore’s Conceptual Foundations Of Radical Behaviorism
  3. An Introduction to the Philosophy Called Radical Behaviorism
  4. A Review of Baum’s Review of Conceptual Foundations of Radical Behaviorism
  • Reinforcement and Attachment:
  1. Learning Theory Explanation of Attachment
  2. Object Relations, Dependency, and Attachment: A Theoretical Review of The Infant-Mother Relationship
  • Stimulus Generalization:
  1. A Functional Analysis of Depression
  2. Causes of Behavior Development and Contextual Variables
  3. Generalization and The Evolution of Symmetry Preferences
  4. Learning theory and the evolutionary analogy
  5. Schedules of Reinforcement at 50: A Retrospective Appreciation
  6. Separation, Motivation, And Depression: Neonatal Isolation Reduces Food-Rewarded Operant Responding in Rats
  7. The Basic Importance of Applied Behavior Analysis
  • Stimulus Generalization and Evolution:
  1. A century of generalization
  2. Asymmetrical stimulus generalization following differential fear conditioning
  3. Developmental–Behavioral Initiation of Evolutionary Change
  4. Conceptual similarity promotes generalization of higher order fear learning
  5. Generalization of conditioned fear along a dimension of increasing fear intensity
  6. Shifts in Post-discrimination Gradients Within a Stimulus Dimension Based on Bilateral Facial Symmetry
  7. Single Dose of A Dopamine Agonist Impairs Reinforcement Learning In Humans: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials and Computational Modeling of Striatal-Cortical Function



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